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Fuel Efficiency Powering Job Growth

Roland Hwang

Posted August 8, 2012

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A review of the latest government jobs data reveals an indisputable fact: the U.S. auto industry is making a remarkable recovery. While not the only reason, as our new report demonstrates, there is also little doubt that higher fuel efficiency is playing a critical role in the auto industry’s revitalization.

Since June 2009, when the auto industry hit bottom, the U.S. auto industry has grown by 236,600 jobs.  Manufacturing of motor vehicles and parts has grown by 165,100 jobs, or 26.4 percent, easily outpacing the recovery of the economy as a whole (see Chart 1 below).  Recovery is so strong in three largest auto states, Michigan, Ohio, and Indiana, that auto jobs directly accounts for an astounding 38 percent of the total jobs added in those states, or 66,300 jobs, since the auto industry hit bottom in June 2009 (see Chart 2 below).

Vehicle sales are up greatly year-over-year (see chart 3 below), and it is sales of fuel efficient vehicles that are driving overall sales growth as consumers rank fuel efficiency as their top priority in seeking a new vehicle.  In fact, the first half of 2012 set an all-time fuel efficiency record  for new passenger vehicles sold in the U.S. at 23.8 mpg (see chart 4 below).

But unlike other periods of high fuel prices, consumers aren’t forced to purchase smaller vehicles to get higher fuel economy. Mainstream passenger sedans are getting to be more efficient than ever before as automakers compete to claim the “most efficient” title for that segment, and consumers and autoworkers win every time.

The fuel economy imperative is powering investments and job growth in the three largest auto states, Michigan, Ohio, and Indiana (see chart 4 below).  As mentioned above, 66,300 jobs have been added since the auto industry hit bottom in June 2009.

Automakers and suppliers are adding shifts to keep up with demand for the popular Chevy Cruze in Ohio and gearing up to build hot-selling hybrids in Indiana. Meanwhile, Michiganders are building Chevy Volts and Sonics while the state becomes a hotbed of electric vehicle and battery technology innovation.

In addition, there are many more indirect jobs the industry also supports that are creating opportunities for workers, companies and communities. Auto industry economists estimate that there are about four additional jobs created for each auto manufacturing job added, a calculation that is well-dramatized by a Bloomberg News report about how building the new fuel-efficient Dodge Dart is revitalizing a city in Illinois. When first, second and third shifts are added to produce vehicles or parts at a manufacturing plant, the benefits reverberate throughout the local community in jobs, local tax revenues, and indirect economic activity.

The Obama Administration’s new National Program, to be released as early as next week, sets carbon pollution fuel efficiency standards for automakers to reach the equivalent of 54.5 mpg by 2025. Broadly supported by the auto industry, environmentalists, and other stakeholders, the National Program provides the regulatory certainty automakers and their suppliers need in order to make investments toward the even greater fuel efficiency necessary for the U.S. auto industry to be globally competitive.

The dividends from the investments to meet the first round of 2012 to 206 standards are already being seen in the form of jobs created, factories reopened and expanded, and communities reinvigorated. I invite you to read our latest report, “How Fuel Efficiency is Driving Growth in the U.S. Auto Industry” to find out more and visit our website for the latest data and stories.

CHART 1: 236,600 Auto Jobs Added Since June 2009

Thumbnail image for Auto Jobs July 2012.PNG 

CHART 2: Auto Job Growth Strongest in Michigan, Ohio and Indiana

Jobs MOI June 2012.PNG


CHART 3: Auto Sales On the Rise

Sales 2008-12.PNG

CHART 4: First Half of 2012 Sets U.S. Fuel Efficiency Record

FuelEff 2008-12.PNG

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AlexAug 8 2012 02:23 PM

And still nothing on how this is going to legislate sports cars and anything fun-to-drive out of existence.

Congratulations on leaving enthusiasts out of the discussion.

Roland HwangAug 8 2012 03:16 PM

I think Dan Neil, Pulitzer prize winning writer now with the WSJ (and unabashed car enthusiast) says what I would say better than I ever possibly could in this article:

"I Am Silent, Hear Me Roar It doesn't snarl like a Lamborghini, but Tesla's new Model S is no eat-your-broccoli all-electric car, says Dan Neil—more like eat-up-the-pavement-while-grinning-ear-to-ear"

More rave reviews from car enthusiasts at Motor Trend, USA Today, Forbes, etc here:

AlexAug 8 2012 06:15 PM

But will Tesla even be around in five years? I'm very doubtful on that.

AlexAug 8 2012 06:23 PM

Also, every time I have my greviances, you guys use Tesla like it's a knee jerk response. The Model S is impressive, yes, but what about us who want to row our own gears? What about us who like the exhaust note of European exotics or American muscle? What about us who love the drive, those in pursuit of that perfect stretch of road?

We will not be silenced, sir. We want our voices to be heard.

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