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Kaid Benfield’s Blog

Railbanking works: light rail approved for DC 'burbs

Kaid Benfield

Posted January 29, 2009

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I am really happy that the badly needed light rail Purple Line transit proposed for Montgomery and Prince George's Counties in the Maryland suburbs just north of DC has finally been given the go-ahead by the Montgomery County Council.  the Purple Line superimposed on the Metro map (from: Purple Line Now!)Currently, DC's Metro rail transit system is a hub-and-spoke system connecting suburban corridors to urban corridors and to downtown.  It works extremely well for that, but not for suburb-to-suburb travel. 

The Purple Line, which will connect four northern "spokes" of the heavy rail system (see map), will help remedy that.  It will also help spur revitalization of parts of Prince George's County to DC's northeast, which has lagged behind other parts of the region.  As Katherine Shaver wrote in The Washington Post:

"Some transportation experts say the east-west transit line could help transform struggling Maryland communities such as Langley Park and Riverdale Park in the same way that Metro helped bring offices, retail, restaurants and apartments to Northern Virginia's Rosslyn-Ballston corridor."

I don't necessarily call myself an expert, but I believe it will definitely help.

I have been very disappointed in some of my cycling friends who opposed the project, because it will partly run along a 4-mile section of the unpaved Georgetown Branch Trail (despite its name, the trail is not near Georgetown).  the MetroBikeLink Trail, St. Louis (by: MetroBikeLink, via Rails With Trails)They have believed that the Purple Line will ruin their enjoyment of the trail, even though pleasant cycling routes run alongside transit lines in many parts of the country (see photos).  That will almost certainly be the case here as well, although the landscaping along the trail will need to change.  I think the light rail line will, most likely, improve the trail's usefulness, since the Georgetown Branch has been very poorly maintained over the years.

What the opponents either have ignored or never knew is that the only reason the Georgetown Branch was available to recreational users in the first place is because it was being conserved for future rail use.  The concept is called "railbanking," and it has been championed since mid-1980s by a wonderful nonprofit organization, the Rails-to-Trails Conservancy, along with others.  RTC explains the concept:

"Railbanking is a voluntary agreement between a railroad company and a trail agency to use an out-of-service rail corridor as a trail until some railroad might need the corridor again for rail service. the Metropolitan Branch Trail, Silver Spring, MD (by: Rails With Trails)Because a railbanked corridor is not considered abandoned, it can be sold, leased or donated to a trail manager without reverting to adjacent landowners."

For a fully documented explanation, go here.

The Georgetown Branch was once a heavy rail corridor and, like other "rail-trails" across the country, was preserved under the provisions of the National Trails System Act so that it would be available again for rail use if needed.  Initiatives like the Purple Line are exactly what the framers of that legislation had in mind.  (Two other popular rail-trails here are also named after their former railroad lines, the Washington & Old Dominion and the Capital Crescent.)

The railbanking system works, and commuters in Maryland are going to be the beneficiaries.  May the model continue to proliferate.

Many thanks to my NRDC colleague Samir Succar for reminding me about this story.

Kaid Benfield writes (almost) daily about community, development, and the environment.  For more posts, see his blog's home page.

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Barbara CampagnaJan 29 2009 04:32 PM

While I certainly support any help our region can get to minimize traffic and sprawl and the resulting GGE ( names our metro region as the 4th worst area of sprawl in the country) I am one of those cyclists who has opposed the Purple Line, since I ride the "Georgetown branch" every chance I get. I hope you're right and that it will benefit us, the local community users, and not just commuters from outlying counties! Thanks for your convincing argument, hope they stick to it.

Samir SuccarJan 30 2009 10:51 AM

Fantastic news. As someone who grew up in this area, I have been incredibly frustrated at the acceleration of the cookie-cutter-mcmansion disease that has become so endemic in the dc metro area and throughout our country. Its great to see positive changes like these. The expansion of public transit and smart growth embodied in silver spring, twinbrook and rockville are a great example of positive change. Thank you for continuing to shine a light on these projects; I sincerely hope they will inspire more of the same in the dc area and beyond!

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