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Editorial Fiction at the Wall Street Journal

Joel Reynolds

Posted June 20, 2008 in Reviving the World's Oceans

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If the Supreme Court decides to review the case of high intensity Navy sonar, as the Wall Street Journal yesterday urged, it will do well to ignore the Journal’s error-riddled editorial (“Judge Ahab and the Whales,” June 19). There is nothing “speculative” about the serious harm caused by sonar, as the Navy itself concedes.  Though the harm that can be reduced by training with common sense safeguards, the Navy has refused, even in the face of overwhelming evidence linking mass whale mortalities to sonar exposure – a link characterized as “completely convincing” by the Navy’s own consultants.

Nor is there anything “activist” in the decisions of every federal court that has considered the Navy’s sonar training practices, concluding without exception that the Navy is not above the law and that, when it tests and trains with sonar, it can and must do so in an environmentally responsible manner.  In the case up for review, the trial and appellate courts found that the Navy has repeatedly violated the law, that its own limited mitigation is “woefully inadequate,” and that the Navy can do a better job of protecting the health of our oceans without in any way compromising the Navy’s sonar training. 

There is no question that sonar can injure and kill whales and dolphins. In fact, according to the Navy’s own conservative estimate, sonar exercises now underway in Southern California waters will significantly disturb or injure an estimated 170,000 marine mammals, including causing permanent injury to more than 450 whales and temporary hearing impairment in at least 8,000 whales – an injury that increases the risks of attack by predators. Again, those aren’t wild accusations by sandal-clad environmentalists – those are the estimates of the U.S. Navy in its official “Environmental Assessment” of the exercise.

Yet when they talk to the press, Navy officials still try to obscure the issue, casting doubt on whether sonar actually harms marine mammals. Take this recent statement by Capt. Scott Gureck, a spokesman for the Pacific Fleet: “There’s no scientific proof that sonar by itself has ever directly killed or injured whales or other marine mammals.”

That’s right: water and ships also were involved, and the direct cause of death was internal bleeding.

Any hope that we could put aside the tortured semantics and focus on a solution went out the window in January when the Navy ran to President Bush for help. As many know by now, the Bush Administration issued two “emergency” waivers, one signed by the President himself, purporting to exempt the Navy from basic environmental laws in the interests of national security.

The irony is that if any emergency exists, it was created by the Navy itself, which month after month stubbornly failed to comply with environmental laws as it planned the sonar training exercises in question. Since when does failure to comply a law excuse one from complying with the law? That just doesn’t make sense. Nor does the President’s attempt to cast this controversy as an issue of national security.

Does the Navy need to train with sonar? We have never argued otherwise because the Navy has determined that mid-frequency active sonar is a critical tool for defending our ships, sailors and marines from underwater threats.

That doesn’t mean national security is jeopardized when a court orders the Navy to train in an environmentally responsible manner. The Army doesn’t train riflemen on crowded city streets, and the Air Force doesn’t practice bombing sorties over national parks. Why shouldn’t the Navy take common sense precautions when training with sonar in rich marine mammal habitat?

To be fair, the Navy has in the past adopted a number of procedures (albeit under legal pressure from conservationists) to reduce harm to whales. But the Navy has inexplicably abandoned those procedures for its southern California training exercises. After being ordered by a federal court to do more, the Navy asked the White House to excuse it from  those common sense requirements -- for example, the requirement that it avoid areas where large numbers of marine mammal are known to be, and temporarily shut down active sonar when marine mammals are detected within 2000 meters of a sonar source.

The alternative, of course, is to knowingly assault these sound-sensitive creatures at close range with ear-splitting, hemorrhage-inducing noise. Whales shouldn’t have to suffer and die for the sake of convenience, and when it comes down to it, that’s really what we’re talking about.

Is reducing sonar harm to whales and dolphins an inconvenience? Perhaps. But the courts have repeatedly ruled that environmental planning to reduce the avoidable infliction of harm to marine life is required by our most basic environmental laws – laws that reflect our collective moral sense that the natural world warrants our respect and stewardship.

It is, after all, our world, too.

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Comments

CAPT David WilliamsJun 21 2008 04:00 AM

A famous navy underwater acoustical expert wrote in the introduction to his manual titled "UNDERWATER ACOUSTICS" that noise underwater is sound not wanted by the US Navy.

The Navy's attitude has always been that they have a God-given right to control all sound underwater. They will fight to the last admiral standing to establish dominion over sound underwater.

To hell with anyone who gets in their way, including marine mammals and sea turtles and all critters living in the sea.

How do you beat the Navy?

Whales have been mass stranding on beaches around the world since the beginning of recorded time. The reason why they strand is because they are injured be pressure waves generated by undersea earthquakes (see http://www.deafwhale.com/why_do_whales_strand/seaquake_waves.htm ).

The US Navy has known that seaquake-generated pressure waves cause barotrauma in whales and dolphins for 50 years. But they considered this matter top-secret because there from seaquake-induced barotrauma to sonar-induced barotrauma is only a small step. The injuries are almost identical and the Navy knows that the public would easily make the connection.

The Navy has known that sonar kills whales for 50 years. Submarine commanders reported as far back as the late 1950's that dolphins jumped in pain when exposure to active sonar in the nose cone of their submarines. Sonar injury to whales is old news to the US Navy.

Shaping public opinion is also a talent they have practiced for over a hundred years.

Get smart... if you want to beat US Navy, then you need the majority of the public backing you up.

The public needs to know the truth about how seaquake pressure waves have been causing whales to strand for millions of years.

Help teach them the truth and then move over to sonar and show how easy it it to kill a whale by destroying his ability to dive and feed himself.

Your right... the Navy needs to establish a sonar practice range in some remote area of the world where whales are not so plentiful. But no one will "force" them to do it and they will not do it on their own. Only through strong public support will the Navy's acoustical pollution ever be brought under controlled.

Heads have got to roll before the Navy's attitude will change.

CAPT David Williams, President
Deafwhale Society, Inc.

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